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India only Behind China in Number of Diabetes Cases in Adults

New Delhi,According to International Institute of Health Management (IIHMR) Delhi, Diabetes mellitus is a leading cause of death and disability worldwide. Some 382 million people worldwide are estimated to have diabetes. About 80% live in low and middle income countries. More than 60% of them live in urban areas, though the number of cases in rural areas is increasing. If these trends continue, by 2035 some 592 million people will have diabetes. This equates to approximately 10 million cases per year.
Speaking at an event on the theme of World Health Day- ‘Beat Diabetes’, Dr. A.K. Agarwal, Dean, IIHMR Delhi said, “India stands only behind China in the number of diabetes cases in adults. In 2013, there were about 65.1 million people with diabetes, which is about 17% of the global prevalence. Every fifth diabetic person in the world is an Indian. If current trends continue, India will have more than 100 million people with diabetes in 2035.”
It has been observed that the lifelong expensive treatment costs not only places huge economic burden on individuals and families, but there is an equally heavy load on national health systems of the countries. Health spending on diabetes accounted for 10.8% of total health expenditure worldwide in 2013. Dr. Agarwal further added that efforts have to be channelized towards reorienting health systems to provide accessible, high quality and affordable diabetic care to population through infrastructural, human resource, financial and functional changes. It is important to empower communities with awareness regarding diabetes so that early diagnosis is enhanced and self management skills are developed.
It is important to empower communities with awareness regarding diabetes so that early diagnosis is enhanced and self management skills are developed. Implementing inexpensive, easy-to-use interventions is known to reduce the huge economic burden of diabetes. Interventions to reduce the burden of diabetes must be implemented, which prevent the development of the disease as well as ensure adequate and appropriate management.