Jaipur, In a unique initiative, the Lupin Human Welfare & Research Foundation has started poultry farming of Japanese quails for the first time on an experimental basis in Rajasthan. For this purpose, chicks from Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay Verterinary University, Mathura, have been supplied to the Below Poverty Line (BPL) families identified in the villages of Kumher Panchayat Samiti and in Bharatput town.
The Lupin HW&R Foundation's Executive Director, Mr. Sitaram Gupta, said here today that the initiative has been taken as part of the philanthropic organization’s ambitious poverty alleviation programme. So far, backyard poultry farming and duck and turkey poultry farming was being conducted under the programme.
For the first time, the Japanese quail farming has been started in Kanchanpura and Adhaiya Khurd villages of Kumher Panchayat Samiti and in Bharatpur town with a view to augmenting the income of BPL families.
The households taking up poultry farming start getting income wihin a month and face no difficulty in selling the meat, as its demand is present is the market throughout the year. The Japanese quail's meat is considered to be tasty, nutritious and healthier than the meat of other domesticated birds.
Mr. Gupta said 100 chicks each had been provided to three families in the region at the rate of Rs. 9 per chick. Though Japanese quails are reared just like domesticated fowls, this bird has the capacity to fly, because of which their shed is covered by iron grills from all sides.
A Japanese quail gets ready for being sold in about five weeks after attaining the weight of 250 grams. They are easily sold at the rate of Rs. 80 per piece. Their death rate is also lower than the domesticated fowls and they are generally not easily infected by diseases. However, it is necessary to keep them at the temperature maintained at 35 to 37 degrees Celsius during the first fortnight.
An average expenditure of Rs. 30 to 35 is incurred on feeding and maintaining the Japanese quail, while the return is of Rs. 40 within the first month. Its meat is liked by both domestic and foreign consumers and there is no difficulty in selling it.
Mr. Gupta pointed out that a Japanese quail starts hetching eggs in two months and hatches about 280 eggs in a year. If its farming is taken up for producing eggs, it is necessary to keep one male quail among four females.
Mr. Gupta, who has taken several such pioneering steps in the past, pointed out that if the Japanese quail poultry farming proves to be successful in Bharatpur district, the Lupin HW&R Foundation would establish 20 big units for the purpose in Bharatpur district. More BPL families will be identified for starting the occupation, for which the university of Mathura will regularly supply the chicks.