Raipur, On account of the essential data needed by the Central and State Governments to formulate policies on important health and family welfare issues, India’s globally recognized and leading healthcare research institutions, IIHMR University has been assigned by Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW) to execute National Family Health Survey (NFHS4) as field agency to conduct field work in the state of Chhattisgarh. The survey is designed to provide information on population, family planning, maternal and child health, child survival, HIV/AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs), reproductive health, and nutrition in India
Dr. SD. Gupta, President, IIHMR University said, “We take pride in announcing that we have been assigned by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India to conduct the field survey for NFHS4. The NFHS4 conducted will include 29 states along with 6 Union Territories which have been included for the first time nationally. The survey will provide estimates of most indicators at the district level for all 640 districts in the country. IIHMR University Jaipur will cover 946 Primary Sampling Units (PSU) from 18 districts of Chhattisgarh (as per Census 2011). From these PSUs, 18,920 households (HH) will be covered. Out of the total PSUs 15,620 households (HH) will be covered for district module (22 HH will be selected from each PSU where all eligible female’s interview will be done), whereas state module will be executed in 300 PSUs covering 3,300 HH, in which eligible men will also be included in the survey.”
Dr. Gupta added, “There are significant social, regional and genders disparities in accessing public health in Chhattisgarh. Interior regions in general and tribal districts in particular have poor physical and economic access to health services. The private health care system is generally less developed in interior areas and is not economically accessible. Low female literacy levels also adversely impact reproductive child health care in tribal and other interior areas. The Infant Mortality Rate (SRS 2013) is 46 whereas the Maternal Mortality Rate (SRS 2013) is 269 in the state. The nutritional status of children under five in Chhattisgarh, as indicated in the NFHS-3, shows that more than half of children (53%) in Chhattisgarh are stunted, or too short for their age, which indicates that they have been undernourished for some time. One-fifth of children (20%) are wasted, or too thin for their height, which may result from inadequate recent food intake or a recent illness. Forty-seven percent children are underweight, which takes into account both chronic and acute under-nutrition. Prevalence of severe malnutrition among children, mothers, old and indigent people is a matter of serious concern in the State. Under-nutrition among adult women is more prevalent in Chhattisgarh than among women of all other states except Bihar and more prevalent among adult men of Chhattisgarh than among men of all other states except Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, and Jharkhand. The proportion of overweight/obese adults in Chhattisgarh is lower than in most other states and thus lower than the national average of 13 percent. Overall, only 51 percent of women and 57 percent of men in Chhattisgarh are at a healthy weight for their height.”
Thus, through the NFHS4 survey IIHMR University shall be able to achieve the goals of NFHS i.e to provide essential data on health and family welfare for policy and programmes purposes and providing information on important emerging health and family welfare issues. The NFHS4 will provide information on Peri-natal mortality, adolescent reproductive health, high-risk sexual behaviour, safe injections, tuberculosis, and malaria interventions;health and family welfare conditions among slum dwellers;non-communicable diseases;use of emergency contraception; andHIV prevalence for adult women and men at the national level and for several groups of states/union territories (UTs) including high HIV prevalence states.
Thus with all these challenges, in the state of Chhattisgarh, it is very much necessary to gauge the health indicators at regular period of time so that every issue could be addressed with management perspective.
IIHMR University is a WHO Collaborating Center for District and Primary Healthcare in the State of Rajasthan. The IIHMR University to contribute to the health sector and to fill in the gap of increasing number of healthcare management personnel’s provides various MBA programmes such as, MBA Hospital and Health with 5 specializations (Hospital Management, Health Management, Health Economics, Finance and Insurance, Human Resource Management, Procurement and Supply Chain Management), MBA Rural Management and MBA Pharmaceutical Management. For more information please log on http://www.iihmr.edu.in/.