New Delhi,Under the Constitution, ‘Law and Order’ is a State subject. Therefore, the responsibility for providing security to an individual primarily rests with the State Government concerned in whose jurisdiction such individual is ordinarily resident or happens to be. Security by Central Government is mostly provided to individuals who are ordinarily resident or based in Delhi. Such security is provided on the basis of threat attached to the posts held by them and/or the level of threat to them as assessed by the Central Security Agencies.
Guidelines for security of the President, Vice-President and Prime Minister have been compiled in the respective ‘Blue Books’, while for other individuals, guidelines have been compiled in the ‘Yellow Book’. The security cover provided is subject to continuous review based on threat perception assessed by the Security Agencies. Further, the security cover of all protectees in the Central list is periodically reviewed in consultation with the Central Security Agencies in two high level committees constituted in Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA). On the basis of such reviews, security cover is upgraded/ downgraded/ continued or withdrawn. State Governments have their own mechanism to assess, provide and review security for individuals residing in their jurisdiction. Kiren Rijiju MoS (Home) gave this information in Rajya Sabha today in a written reply to a question by Dr. T. Subbarami Reddy.